Dental Hygiene is the key to keeping your mouth fresh and free form disease. We all try to look after our teeth: with brushing, flossing and using mouthwash; sometimes this isn’t enough to remove plaque deposits and address other problems.
Some common problems that arise from poor dental hygiene are cavities, bad breath, gingivitis and gum disease. By brushing your teeth regularly, you remove the build ups from your teeth – called plaque – and this helps to keep your teeth and gums healthy, but you can’t remove the hard calculus deposits that form and cause gum disease – that’s why people need to see the hygienist.
Removing calculus and staining is important for how your teeth look but it’s also extremely important for your health.
Build-ups of calculus can lead to inflammation of the gums. The first sign of problems is a condition called gingivitis, which left untreated can and usually does progress to become periodontitis. Periodontitis is serious because this is when the gums start to detach from the teeth and recession begins. As the soft tissues recede, the supporting bone is also lost, and teeth become loose or even fall out.
37% of the adult population suffers from moderate chronic periodontitis (where the pockets around the teeth are 4-6 mm deep) and a further 8% has severe chronic periodontitis (where the pockets are more than 6 mm deep). Poor periodontal health also has links with serious systemic illnesses like cardiovascular disease and diabetes. There is also emerging evidence of links with rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, cognitive decline (e.g. dementia) and osteoporosis.
Gum disease doesn’t usually cause any discomfort and so people are unaware of it until it is quite advanced.
We will monitor the condition of your gums and advise about the best treatments to keep them healthy. With appropriate treatment and supportive therapy, gum disease can be arrested, and we can help you to maintain a healthy mouth.